While some mares may show few or subtle signs of distress during the 3 stages of labor, most mares will show marked distress as evidenced by an increase in their heart rate and respiration, and changes in their behavior.
Stage 1(1-4 hrs)
Stage 2(5-20 mins)
Stage 3(1-3 hrs)
The 1-2-3 Rule
Following the birth of a newborn foal, there are 3
rules directly linked to the health and
wellbeing of the foal and the mare.
1Hour = Foal to stand
2Hours = Foal to nurse
3Hours = Mare to pass placenta
It is believed that most mares foal at night because it’s an innate survival advantage for the new foal to be ready and able to run with the mare by first daylight.